Marine protected areas can be created by federal, provincial and territorial governments using a variety of legislation including the Oceans Act, Canada Wildlife Act and the Canada National Marine Conservation Act. Marine refuges are fisheries closures, put in place under the Fisheries Act to protect marine ecosystems and species. They can be created much more quickly than MPAs. However, marine refuges may only protect a single species, and many do not restrict harmful activities like mineral or oil and gas extraction.
Marine Protected Areas
WWF-Canada believes healthy oceans depend on a network of marine protected areas.