© Frank Parhizgar / WWF-Canada Beaver at water's edge in Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario,


Habitat loss is one of the greatest threats to life on Earth.

Conserving Habitat to Prevent Wildlife Loss and Climate Change

In Canada, 84 per cent of habitats with high concentrations of at-risk species and three-quarters of habitats with high densities of stored carbon are inadequately or not at all protected. Inadequate protections leave habitats vulnerable to fragmentation and loss due to multiple long-term threats. These threats include climate change, over extraction and diversion of water from lakes and rivers, and conversions of natural habitat ranging from clearing forests and draining wetlands to building reservoirs and digging mines.

© Shutterstock Arctic skyline over water


Sea ice is the foundation of Arctic life, and as it disappears, everything is changing. Ice-dependent species such as polar bears, seals and whales are watching their habitats shrink, move and change. In the face of a changing climate, WWF-Canada is working to help Arctic ecosystems stay in balance.

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© Shutterstock Tide rolling on to the beach


Centuries of overuse and neglect threaten to leave us with a vast blue wasteland. We urgently need smart ocean management plans that will protect important ocean ecosystems. WWF-Canada is advocating for protection in priority regions and working with industry on lasting solutions.

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© Tommy Larey / Shutterstock Freshwater in Canada


Canada’s freshwater systems are facing increasing pressure every day from pollution, habitat loss, invasive species and climate change – among other threats. WWF-Canada is working towards a future where all Canadian waters are in good condition.

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© Marc Sardi Budding leaves on branch

Urban Areas

As urban areas grow in population and size, pristine natural spaces disappear. WWF-Canada is working to protect and restore biodiversity in Canadian cities while raising awareness of the importance of building resilience to climate change.

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Nature-Based Solutions to Habitat Loss

Wildlife simply cannot survive in such increasingly degraded and destroyed habitats. Alongside local and national partners, WWF-Canada aims to conserve ecologically important regions, create a network of protected areas and restore habitat across the country. While we’ve come a long way, there is much more that must be done to ensure a safe and healthy future for nature and people.

© Andrew S. Wright / WWF-Canada Trees in the Great Bear Rain forest, Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, Canada.

What Are Nature-Based Solutions?

The dual crises of biodiversity loss and climate change are a constant threat. Luckily, nature already provides us with many of the solutions we need to tackle both issues. Nature-based solutions such as protected areas and habitat restoration can help protect at-risk species and important ecosystems while simultaneously helping us store (and keep) carbon in the ground and oceans.

© Mike Workman / Shutterstock

What Are Protected Areas?

Protected areas are a vital component of any conservation strategy. These spaces act as refuges for species that cannot survive in managed landscapes and as areas where natural ecological processes can continue unhampered by human interference. They are a vital resource for the continuation of natural evolution and, in many parts of the world, for future ecological restoration.

© Mark Hobson / WWF Child standing in temperate rainforest, British Columbia, Canada

Wildlife Protection Assessment: A National Habitat Crisis

WWF-Canada used the best available science and data to document how well Canada’s ecosystems, wildlife habitats and natural carbon stores are being protected. We found that across Canada, major opportunities to protect habitat and combat climate change are being overlooked.

Read the report